Global Confederation of Romanian Students

ABOUT topuniversities.com

"QS links high achievers from the graduate, MBA and executive communities around the world with leading business schools, postgraduate departments at universities and with employers, through websites, events, e-guides and technical solutions."

"QS organises the largest business education events in the world, the QS World MBA Tour, the QS World Executive MBA Tour and the leading postgraduate studies information event, the QS World Grad School Tour, amongst an extensive product range including print and online publications and software solutions."

"QS is the leading global career and education network for ambitious professionals looking to further their personal and professional development. With extensive contacts in the field of higher education, our industry expertise and experience gives us the flexibility to adapt to the needs of our prospective clients."

"At QS we believe that education and career decisions are too important to leave to chance, so we want to ensure candidates have access to the best tools and the best independent expert information before making a decision. Our ambition is to be the world’s leading media, events and software company in the higher education field."

"We are a medium-sized company with over 250 staff in offices throughout the world: London, Paris, Bucharest, Stuttgart, Mumbai and Singapore. A multi-cultural employee base, there are 26 languages spoken in the marketing department alone. The QS World MBA Tour travels to 70 cities in 39 countries enabling over 50,000 ambitious MBA candidates to meet face-to-face with high calibre business schools. The QS World Grad School Tour visits 47 cities in 31 countries, bringing the complete A to Z of postgraduate programs to over 40,000 prospective master's and PhD students."

Global Confederation of Romanian Students

ABOUT timeshighereducation.com

"SETTING THE AGENDA IN HIGHER EDUCATION FOR FIVE DECADES"

"THE is the data provider underpinning university excellence in every continent across the world. As the company behind the world’s most influential university ranking, and with almost five decades of experience as a source of analysis and insight on higher education, we have unparalleled expertise on the trends underpinning university performance globally. Our data and benchmarking tools are used by many of the world’s most prestigious universities to help them achieve their strategic goals."

"Helping universities improve through performance analysis"

"THE is the leading provider of higher education data for the world's research-led institutions. Our work with individual clients builds on the foundations of our World University Rankings, which have been adopted as a geo-political indicator as well as an aid to strategic management of institutions and a crucial factor in the study choices made by millions of students around the world."

"Our DataPoints suite of tools is designed to provide detailed performance information across all of the core areas of university activity, as well as allowing comparison and benchmarking against other institutions – whether competitors or collaborators - across regions, subjects and other key criteria."

"The insights derived allow leadership teams to set intelligent strategic goals and enhance their education and research environment. Our data enables comparison across more than 1,300 universities, and we have over 100 institutional subscribers already working with us."

"Even if you are not in the rankings our data suite will provide you with insight on how you can think about your institution’s relative performance on a global basis."

"For the WUR, THE’s in-house data team now ranks 2,150 institutions worldwide, with 1 million data points analysed across 2,600 institutions in 93 countries. In 2016, the global media reach of the rankings was almost 700 million."

Global Confederation of Romanian Students

ABOUT shanghairanking.com

"ShanghaiRanking Consultancy is a fully independent organization dedicating to research on higher education intelligence and consultation. It has been the official publisher of the Academic Ranking of World Universities since 2009."

"The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) was first published in June 2003 by the Center for World-Class Universities (CWCU), Graduate School of Education (formerly the Institute of Higher Education) of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, and updated on an annual basis. Since 2009 the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) has been published and copyrighted by ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. ShanghaiRanking Consultancy is a fully independent organization on higher education intelligence and not legally subordinated to any universities or government agencies."

"ARWU uses six objective indicators to rank world universities, including the number of alumni and staff winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, number of highly cited researchers selected by Thomson Reuters, number of articles published in journals of Nature and Science, number of articles indexed in Science Citation Index - Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index, and per capita performance of a university. More than 1200 universities are actually ranked by ARWU every year and the best 500 are published."

"Although the initial purpose of ARWU was to find the global standing of top Chinese universities, it has attracted a great deal of attention from universities, governments and public media worldwide. ARWU has been reported by mainstream media in almost all major countries. Hundreds of universities cited the ranking results in their campus news, annual reports or promotional brochures. A survey on higher education published by The Economist in 2005 commented ARWU as "the most widely used annual ranking of the world's research universities". Burton Bollag, a reporter at Chronicle of Higher Education wrote that ARWU "is considered the most influential international ranking"."

"One of the factors for the significant influence of ARWU is that its methodology is scientifically sound, stable and transparent. The EU Research Headlines reported ARWU work on 31st December 2003: "The universities were carefully evaluated using several indicators of research performance." Chancellor of Oxford University, Chris Patten, said "it looks like a pretty good stab at a fair comparison." Professor Simon Margison of Institute of Education, University of London commented that one of the strengths of "the academically rigorous and globally inclusive Jiao Tong approach" is "constantly tuning its rankings and invites open collaboration in that"."

"ARWU and its content have been widely cited and employed as a starting point for identifying national strengths and weaknesses as well as facilitating reform and setting new initiatives. Bill Destler, the President of the Rochester Institute of Technology, drew reference to ARWU to analyze the comparative advantages that the Western Europe and US have in terms of intellectual talent and creativity in his publication in the journal Nature. Martin Enserink referred to ARWU and argued in his paper published in Science that "France's poor showing in the Shanghai ranking ... helped trigger a national debate about higher education that resulted in a new law... giving universities more freedom"."

Global Confederation of Romanian Students

ABOUT usnews.com

"How were the Best Global Universities rankings calculated?"

"The Best Global Universities rankings were calculated using a multivariable methodology and weights that U.S. News developed."

"The methodology for the overall Best Global Universities rankings, encompassing the top 1,250 universities worldwide, used 13 separate ranking factors and focused on institutions' research performance. Specifically, the rankings were calculated using indicators that measure global and regional reputation and bibliometric indicators measuring academic research performance, such as citations and publications."

"The methodology for the five regional rankings – of the top universities in Africa, Asia, Australia/New Zealand, Europe and Latin America – was based entirely on how a school ranked in the overall Best Global Universities rankings. Universities are numerically ranked in their region based on their position in the overall Best Global Universities rankings."

"Similarly, the methodology for the 42 country rankings – of the top institutions in countries including Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom – was based entirely on how a school ranked in the overall Best Global Universities rankings covering the top 1,250 schools worldwide."

"Finally, the Best Global Universities subject rankings – of the top universities in 22 subject areas, including fields such as agricultural sciences, chemistry, clinical medicine, computer science, engineering, mathematics and physics – used a separate methodology. Each subject ranking weighed 11 factors based on academic research performance in that subject, using various bibliometric measures, including publications and citations, as well as indicators for global and regional reputation in that specific subject."

Global Confederation of Romanian Students

ABOUT leidenranking.com

"Moving beyond just ranking"

"The CWTS Leiden Ranking aims to move beyond just ranking. The Leiden Ranking therefore can be explored from three different perspectives. In addition to the traditional list view, where universities are presented in a list ordered based on a selected indicator, the Leiden Ranking offers two additional perspectives, the chart view and the map view. The chart view presents universities in a scatter plot, enabling two selected indicators to be compared. The map view presents universities in an interactive geographical map."

"Multidimensional perspective"

"To emphasize the importance of taking a multidimensional perspective on university performance, in the Leiden Ranking universities are by default ordered based on the size of their publication output. To create a ranking based on an impact or collaboration indicator, you need to explicitly select the indicator based on which you want universities to be ranked. Also, size-dependent and size-independent indicators (e.g., the number and the percentage of highly cited publications) are consistently presented together in the Leiden Ranking, highlighting that both types of indicators need to be taken into account."

"Differences with other university rankings"

"Compared with other university rankings, the CWTS Leiden Ranking offers more advanced indicators of scientific impact and collaboration and uses a more transparent methodology. The Leiden Ranking does not rely on highly subjective data obtained from reputational surveys or on data provided by universities themselves. Also, the Leiden Ranking refrains from aggregating different dimensions of university performance into a single overall indicator."

Global Confederation of Romanian Students

ABOUT webometrics.info

"Webometrics only publish a unique Ranking of Universities in every edition. The combination of indicators is the result of a careful investigation and it is not open to individual choosing by users without enough knowledge or expertise in this field. Other publishers provide series of very different rankings using exactly the same data in different fashions that is completely useless and very confusing."

"Webometrics is a ranking of all the universities of the world, not only a few hundred institutions from the developed world. Of course, “World-class” universities usually are not small or very specialized institutions."

"Webometrics is continuously researching for improving the ranking, changing or evolving the indicators and the weighting model to provide a better classification. It is a shame that a few rankings maintain stability between editions without correcting errors or tuning up indicators."

"Rankings backed by a for-profit company exploiting rank-related business or with strong political links reflected in individual ranks should be checked with care."

"Research only (bibliometrics) based rankings are biased against technologies, computer science, social sciences and humanities, disciplines that usually amounts for more than half of the scholars and students in a standard comprehensive university. Webometrics also measure, in an indirect way, other missions like teaching or the so-called third mission, considering not only the scientific impact of the university activities, but also the economic relevance of the technology transfer to industry, the community engagement (social, cultural, environmental roles) and even the political influence."

" Webometrics uses link analysis for quality evaluation as it is a far more powerful tool than citation analysis or global surveys. In the first case, bibliometrics only counts formal recognition between peers, while links not only includes bibliographic citations but also third parties involvement with university activities. Surveys are not a suitable tool for World Rankings as there is not even a single individual with a deep (several semesters per institution), multi-institutional (several dozen), multidisciplinary (hard sciences, biomedicine, social sciences, technologies) experience in a representative sample (different continents) of universities worldwide."